Epoxy Primer

Epoxy primer is a high-performance coating that is applied on various materials before the actual paint or final layer. It's a sealer that is specifically designed to create a strong bond with the subsequent layers, while also providing a degree of protection to the base material. Epoxies are thermosetting polymers, which means they cure when reacted with a catalyst or a hardener. Read More

Epoxy primer is a high-performance coating that is applied on various materials before the actual paint or final layer. It's a sealer that is specifically designed to create a strong bond with the subsequent layers, while also providing a degree of protection to the base material. Epoxies are thermosetting polymers, which means they cure when reacted with a catalyst or a hardener.



What is Epoxy Primer?


In simple terms, an epoxy primer is a preparatory coating put on materials before applying the actual paint. It is typically made of two parts: the epoxy resin and the hardener, which initiates the chemical reaction leading to curing. When the two components are mixed together, a cross-linking reaction happens, forming a highly durable, rigid material. The resulting substance is known for its strong adhesive qualities and corrosion-resistant properties. As a primer, the epoxy version provides an excellent base for the subsequent layers of paint or coating. Its strong adhesion qualities ensure that the top layer sticks well and evenly, improving the overall appearance and longevity of the final product. Furthermore, it can also help to smooth out minor imperfections in the material surface, making it more suitable for final finishing.



Benefits of using Epoxy Primers


There are several compelling reasons for using epoxy primers, including:



High Durability

Epoxy primers offer an added layer of strength and protection to the materials they are applied on. The cured epoxy forms a highly durable, rigid material that can withstand wear and tear, making it ideal for high-traffic areas and heavy-duty applications.



Excellent Adhesion

Epoxy primers are renowned for their superior adhesion capabilities. This means that they provide an excellent base for the following layers of paint or coatings, enhancing the overall durability and appearance of the final product.



Corrosion Resistance

Epoxy primers offer exceptional protection against corrosion and rust. When applied on metals, they form a protective barrier that prevents moisture and air from coming into contact with the surface, thus helping to prevent corrosion.



Versatility

Epoxy primers are versatile and can be applied on a wide range of surfaces including concrete, wood, and metal. This makes them a popular choice in many different industries and applications.



Where and When to Use Water Based Epoxy Primers


Water-based epoxy primers are an excellent choice when working in indoor environments, due to their low VOC content and reduced odor. They are commonly used in places such as garages, basements, and industrial floors where high durability is needed but harsh fumes can be problematic. These primers are also recommended when working on surfaces prone to moisture and humidity. Water-based epoxy primers offer superior water resistance, making them suitable for use in bathrooms, kitchens, and other moisture-rich environments.

Despite their many benefits, water-based epoxy primers are not recommended for outdoor use where they will be exposed to UV light, which can degrade the epoxy over time. Instead, solvent-based epoxy primers are generally used for outdoor applications.



Features of Epoxy Primers


Epoxy primers come with a set of unique features that set them apart from other types of primers. These include:



Two-Component System

As mentioned earlier, epoxy primers are composed of two parts – the epoxy resin and the hardener. This two-component system is a defining feature of epoxy primers, contributing to their strong adhesion, durability, and corrosion resistance.



Curing Process

The curing process of epoxy primer is unique and fundamental to its performance. The two-part system includes the epoxy resin and the hardener. When these two parts are mixed together in the correct proportions, they begin to react chemically, initiating the curing process. This reaction generates exothermic heat which aids in the curing process.

Unlike drying, where the solvent simply evaporates, curing involves a chemical reaction that changes the molecular structure of the epoxy, creating a solid, interconnected network of molecules. This results in a hard, durable, and chemically resistant surface. It is this process that gives the epoxy primer its strong adhesion properties, making it an excellent base for the following layers of paint or coating.

The curing time can vary depending on the specific formulation of the epoxy primer, the ambient temperature, and the humidity. It's important to allow sufficient time for the primer to fully cure before applying additional coatings. If not fully cured, the primer may not achieve its maximum adhesion and durability properties, potentially compromising the integrity of the entire coating system.

One more aspect of the curing process to note is that while it is taking place, the surface of the primer can feel tacky or sticky. This is normal and will disappear once the curing process is complete. Despite this temporary stickiness, it's important to refrain from touching or otherwise disturbing the primer during the curing process to prevent any potential damage or contamination.

In summary, the curing process of epoxy primer is a crucial element that distinguishes it from other types of primers. It contributes to the primer's impressive performance characteristics including its adhesion, durability, and corrosion resistance. By understanding and properly managing this curing process, you can ensure that your epoxy primer performs optimally, providing a solid foundation for your coating system.



Frequently Asked Questions


Is it waterproof?

Yes, epoxy primer is waterproof. Once it has fully cured, it forms a barrier that is impervious to water. This makes epoxy primers an excellent choice for surfaces that may be exposed to moisture or high humidity.



Does it take long to dry?

Epoxy primer doesn't technically dry; rather, it cures through a chemical reaction between the epoxy resin and the hardener. The curing time can vary depending on the specific product and environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity. However, on average, epoxy primers take between 24-48 hours to fully cure. Keep in mind that while it may be dry to the touch earlier, it is not fully hardened and resistant until it has completely cured.



Can it be painted over?

Absolutely, epoxy primer is designed to be painted over. In fact, one of its primary functions is to create a surface that promotes strong adhesion of the subsequent paint layers. Before painting, ensure that the primer is fully cured and follow the manufacturer's instructions for best results.



Is it sandable?

Yes, once fully cured, epoxy primer can be sanded. This can be useful for smoothing out any imperfections or rough spots before applying the topcoat. However, care should be taken not to sand too aggressively, which can lead to scratching or damaging the primer layer. It's generally recommended to use fine-grit sandpaper and to sand lightly for the best results.



Can epoxy primer be applied over existing paint?

Yes, epoxy primer can be applied over existing paint, but with certain caveats. Before applying an epoxy primer over existing paint, it is crucial to ensure that the surface is adequately prepared. The surface must be clean, dry, and free from any contaminants like dust, oil, or grease.

The condition and type of the existing paint also play a significant role in determining if an epoxy primer can be successfully applied. If the paint is peeling, cracking, or chipping, it should be removed or at least sanded down to a stable surface before applying the epoxy primer. Epoxy primer may not adhere well to unstable or deteriorating surfaces.

Also, keep in mind that applying a dark-colored epoxy primer over a light-colored paint may alter the color of the final topcoat unless multiple coats of the topcoat are applied.



Does epoxy primer need to be sanded before painting?

In most cases, epoxy primer does not need to be sanded before painting. Its primary purpose is to provide a smooth, adhesive surface for the paint to bond to. However, if there are imperfections, drips, or rough areas in the cured primer, a light sanding with fine-grit sandpaper can help to smooth them out before painting. Always remember to clean off any dust produced by sanding before proceeding with the painting.



We sell Devoe and Norklad epoxy primers and concrete floor paint, including many sizes and options. Epoxy primers have a variety of specialized uses for homeowners and for industrial applications, depending on the type. Our Norklad WB is a water based epoxy which goes on as easily as paint and is great for homeowners priming DIY projects like garage floors. Our Devoe primers are high performance, top of the line industrial epoxy primers with excellent adhesion and corrosion resistance. Devoe Pre Prime is 100% Solids which means it is extremely thick and durable. Norklad 409 is also a 100% solids and has been specially designed for use as a moisture barrier or vapor barrier primer. Whatever your priming needs, we will have the right epoxy for the job. Bulk shipping rates and quantities are available for all of these products; give us a call to discuss your options. (800) 227-8479

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Norklad Pre Prime WB Epoxy Primer- Clear Water Based 250 sq/ft

Norklad Pre Prime WB Epoxy Primer- Clear Water Based 250 sq/ft

Norklad Pre-Prime WB Epoxy Floor Coating Primer - Clear Norklad Pre-Prime WB is a two component waterborne epoxy pre-prime that provides an excellent primercoat for... more info
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Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Light Gray 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Light Gray 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB is a two component water based epoxy coating. Low odor, no flammability and excellent adhesion combined with a long lasting finish is why waterborne epoxy... more info
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Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Off White 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Off White 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB is a two component water based epoxy coating. Low odor, no flammability and excellent adhesion combined with a long lasting finish is why waterborne epoxy... more info
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Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Black 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB Colored Epoxy - Concrete Floor Paint - Black 250+ sq ft

Norklad WB is a two component water based epoxy coating. Low odor, no flammability and excellent adhesion combined with a long lasting finish is why waterborne epoxy... more info
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Devoe Pre Prime 167 Penetrating Epoxy - Low Viscosity 100% Solids 1 Gal

Devoe Pre Prime 167 Penetrating Epoxy - Low Viscosity 100% Solids 1 Gal

Preprime 167 is currently backordered with no ETA. We apologize for any inconvenience. Alternatively, we do offer our Norklad Preprime WB Primer which covers 250sqft per... more info
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Oil Grip 88 - Oil Stop Epoxy Primer Paint - Black 2 Gallon

Oil Grip 88 - Oil Stop Epoxy Primer Paint - Black 2 Gallon

Oil Grip 88 is hazardous and can only ship LTL, please give us a call for pricing Color Chips Oil Grip 88 Oil Stop Epoxy Coating Primer - 2 Gallon Oilstop 88 is a two... more info
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Oil Grip 88 - Oil Stop Epoxy Primer Paint - Black 10 Gallon

Oil Grip 88 - Oil Stop Epoxy Primer Paint - Black 10 Gallon

Oil Grip 88 is hazardous and can only ship LTL, please give us a call for pricing Color Chips Oil Grip 88 Oil Stop Epoxy Coating Primer - 10 Gallon Oilstop 88 is a two... more info
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Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 1.5 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 1.5 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier Primer 1.5 Gallon Norklad 409, Moisture Vapor Barrier is a two part 100% solids epoxy seal that can help control moisture vapor... more info
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Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 3 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 3 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier Primer 3 Gallon Norklad 409, Moisture Vapor Barrier is a two component 100% solids epoxy seal that can help control moisture... more info
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Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 15 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier 100% Solids Epoxy Primer 15 Gal

Norklad 409 Moisture Vapor Barrier Primer 15 Gallon Norklad 409, Moisture Vapor Barrier is a two component 100% solids epoxy seal that can help control moisture vapor... more info
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